A suddenly punctured wheel is a regular thing: in the street, somewhere at the countryside or far from crowded areas. Of course, it is better to change a tire in tire fitting and rely on experienced specialists completely, but it is not always possible to see an auto mechanic. If you ever found yourself in the middle of a road with a flat tire, you understand what we are talking about.
However, you can change a flat tire by yourself. However, for this you first need to raise the wheel above the ground. This is easiest to do with a car jack. Today we will explain you how to use the jack. Here we go.
Benefits of using
Such device is very convenient to use and has numerous advantages. Despite its simple construction, it can raise a car above the ground that weighs several tons. It is very handy when you need to change the tire: during long journeys on the road, the jack is simply an irreplaceable thing.
Some car models have car jack in the configuration, but if your car didn’t come with it, it is not a big deal to choose a brand-new car jack. Most of them are of the same in their design, the only difference is only in weight they can lift.
Types of car jacks
Now there are three types of jacks – Scissor Jacks, Hydraulic Bottle Jacks, Trolley Jacks.
The easiest but very convenient option. They are very durable and differ by carrying capacity and size. It happens pretty often that this model is included in vehicle equipment. If you are going to buy such jack, then pay attention to the dimensions and carrying capacity. The centrally located jack screw raises and lowers the scissor-shaped jack using either a tire iron or a specially designed tool.
Hydraulic Bottle Jacks.
Such models use hydraulics to raise a vehicle. Using the plunger builds oil pressure, which is controlled by valves, and performs the lifting and lowering actions. They can raise up to three tons.
This type boasts of handy models as they can move. Because of this, they can be used on various surfaces. They are also convenient because they can raise vehicles much higher than other options, up to 2 – 4 tons.
How to use a jack?
- Install the jack according to the rules in the specified way. If you install it incorrectly, you may damage the car. Block a wheel which you are not going to lift. Make sure that the surface on which the car is standing without bumps.
- Depending on which tool you are using, raise the machine slightly above the ground. Do not raise the vehicle too high. To replace the tire, you need to raise the car only a few centimeters.
- Make sure the car is well fixed. After all work, lower the vehicle according to which tool you are using.
- Install jack stands if you need to work under the car.
- When you are done, use a jack to lift the car from supports. Remove them carefully and then slowly lower the vehicle to the ground.
Where to install the jack?
The jack must be installed on a flat surface. This is a basic safety rule. You will lift the car above the ground; always remember that it weighs a lot of tons. You need to make sure that the soil is not soft and without slope. The car must be on the ground.
Are it safe?
Such jacks are safe and can provide lifting of various vehicles above the ground. The main thing is to use a jack that suits your car.
How to fix the car?
The jacks will not lock the car. With it you can only raise the wheel above the ground. If you need to securely lock the car, use other devices such as Jack stands or Ramps.
Can you use one jack stand?
It all depends on the kind of work you are doing. If you need to lift only one wheel, you can use one device. However, you need to remember that it cannot provide you with maximum structural strength. If you need to crawl under the car for work, use additional coasters.
How much can a 3 ton jack lift?
Such jack can lift a car weighing up to 4000 pounds.
Can you change a tire without a jack?
To change the tire you need to raise the car wheel above the ground. The easiest way to do this is with a jack.
As you can see, you can independently carry out all the work, but remember the safety rules. Of course, it’s better to ask an auto mechanic to do this, but in unforeseen situations a car jack is a must.
Using a car jack, remember some safety rules. Never climb under the car if it sticks above the ground with just a jack. There are special devices that can give even more confidence that the car is confidently over the ground.
Make sure your vehicle is on the brake before lifting it. Also do everything on a completely flat surface. It should not be soft soil, grass or sand. If the auto is mechanics put it in the lowest forward gear. Now lock the rear wheel if you raise the front wheel and contrariwise. The last but not the least rule is never do this on a busy road, you’d better roll back the car to a more empty place.